The Big Ben is the nickname of the big bell installed in the tower named Elizabeth Tower, or formerly Clock Tower, of the Westminster Palace, which is the seat of the Houses of Parliament, in London.
The building faces Thames, between the Westminster’s Bridge and the Westminster Abbey.
A fire devastated a building part of the Parliament in 1835. At the end of this event, a commission was being placed for choosing the new design of the building. The project who won this great contest was that of Charles Barry which integrated a bell tower to the building.
The bell tower became Elizabeth Tower, tribute to the queen Elizabeth II.